The practise of eating sugar in the form of candy crystals began in the Middle Ages. It is known for its medicinal use, especially in Britain, where “it was considered to be an excellent remedy for winter colds”, Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson.
Its name, lollipop, is believed to be first recorded in the January issue of the London Chronicle in 1784. However, it is also said that the 18th century English lexicographer – Francis Grose, was the first to have recorded it in his famous A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, in 1785. Grose’s dictionary defined lollipop as “sweet lozenges purchased by children”. In 18th century, “lolly” was a term to mean mouth. “So a lollipop was something that one popped into one’s mouth”, Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson.
Others believe that the invention of the lollipop happened much later during the American Civil War, when hard candies were being stuck onto the tip of pencils for children to eat. In 1908, American candy maker, George Smith claimed to be the first to have invented the modern lollipop that we know of today; attaching a stick to a piece of hard candy. Smith managed to secure a patent in 1931; naming his invention after his favourite race horse, Lolly Pop.
The 1958 pop song “Lollipop”, performed by The Chordettes, proved to be as popular as its namesake. It was also the same year when the famous lollipop company, Chupa Chups, was founded by Eric Bernat. Its bright yellow company logo was designed by the famous artist, Salvador Dalí, who is better known for his surrealist art.
A type of hard candy with a stick attached to it. It is known for its colourful appearance and a variety of flavours, particularly fruit flavours. Candy maker, HotLix Candy, boasts to be the first to include insects in their lollipop. Lollyphile, a San Francisco-born and Austin-raised candy company, offers lollipops of unique flavours such as breast milk, bleu cheese, and beer.
The ingredients in a lollipop varies from company to company. To make some lollipops at home, all you need is sugar, corn syrup, water and any flavouring of your choice.