Anzac biscuits take their name from the Australian New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) and the name is protected by law in Australia. It is commonly believed that these rolled oat biscuits became associated with ANZAC and World War I when soldiers would receive the sweet biscuits in care packages from home. The biscuits were made of ingredients that did not spoil easily and so they were ideal for the long transit times to the front lines. The recipe notably lacks eggs which would make for a perishable product as well as being scarce due to rationing. There is now some doubt as to how the recipe gained its association with the war effort. It is known that the biscuits were both sold as fundraisers as well as served at parties and fundraising balls with funds going towards the war effort. It may be that this is how the biscuits gained their association with ANZAC and their name.
Regardless of how they came by their name, Anzac biscuits are much loved in both Australia and New Zealand. They are available commercially in most grocery stores and are a common homemade treat. They are especially popular on Anzac Day (April 25) which is a national holiday in honor of the anniversary of the first military action by Anzac during WWI.
Anzac biscuits are an egg free, sweet rolled oat biscuit. They may be chewy or crispy depending on baking temperature and time.
Rolled oats, flour, sugar, butter, baking soda, golden syrup or treacle, and sometimes coconut